Monday, May 25, 2020

Special Economic Zones in China

Since 1979, China’s Special Economic Zones (SEZ) have been beckoning foreign investors to do business in China. Created after Deng Xiaoping’s economic reforms were implemented in China in 1979,   Special Economic Zones are areas where market-driven capitalist policies are implemented to entice foreign businesses to invest in China. The Importance of Special Economic Zones At the time of its conception, Special Economic Zones were considered so special because Chinas trade was generally controlled by the nations centralized government. Therefore, the opportunity for foreign investors to do business in China with relatively no government intervention and with the freedom to implement market-driven economics was an exciting new venture. Policies regarding Special Economic Zones were meant to incentivize foreign investors by providing low-cost labor, specifically planning Special Economic Zones with ports and airports so that goods and materials could be easily exported, reducing corporate income tax, and even offering tax exemption.   China is now a huge player in the global economy and has made large strides in economic development in a concentrated period of time. Special Economic Zones were instrumental in making Chinas economy the way it is today. Successful foreign investments galvanized capital formation and spurred urban development what with the proliferation of office buildings, banks, and other infrastructures. What Are the Special Economic Zones? The first 4 Special Economic Zones (SEZ) were established in 1979. Shenzhen, Shantou, and Zhuhai are located in Guangdong province, and Xiamen is located in Fujian province.   Shenzhen  became the model for China’s Special Economic Zones when it was transformed from 126-square-miles of villages known for sales of knockoffs to a bustling business metropolis. Located a short bus ride from  Hong Kong  in southern China, Shenzhen is now one of China’s richest cities.   The success of Shenzhen and the other Special Economic Zones encouraged the Chinese government to add 14 cities plus  Hainan Island  to the list of Special Economic Zones in 1986. The 14 cities include Beihai, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Lianyungang, Nantong, Ningbo, Qinhuangdao, Qingdao, Shanghai, Tianjin, Wenzhou, Yantai, and Zhanjiang.   New Special Economic Zones have been continually added to encompass a number of border cities, provincial capital cities, and autonomous regions.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Assignment 3 the American Red Cross (Arc)” Essay

Assignment 3: The American Red Cross (ARC)† October 28, 2012 HRM 522 Ethics Advocacy For HR Pro Determine the impact of this event on ARC’s â€Å"benefits of business ethics† (employee commitment, investor loyalty, customer satisfaction, and bottom line). Business ethics includes the principles and standards that guide behavior in the world of business. The ethical behavior of a company is being judged and determined by its stakeholders. They may not always be right but their judgment affects the company’s reputation in society. There are several benefits of business ethics. Ethics contribute to (Ferrell, Fraedrich, amp; Ferrell, 2011, pp. 18-21): * Employee commitment – comes from employees who believe their future is tied to†¦show more content†¦This did not sit well with donors or with government officials. A congressional hearing took place to look into the American Red Cross’s actions. They were forced to address their stakeholders concerns and demands. The American Red Cross’s reputation was damaged by their actions in th e aftermath of this disaster. With the devastation of hurricane Katrina, the American Red Cross’s reputation was again damaged by their actions. The relief efforts were viewed as inadequate by the public. â€Å"These subpar emergency responses were the outcome of a host of fraudulent, questionable, and inefficient decisions made by the ARC, as well as its federal, state, and local disaster relief counterparts† (Ferrell, Fraedrich, amp; Ferrell, 2011, p. 331). There was a communications issue between FEMA and the American Red Cross and a disagreement on the roles and responsibilities of each agency. Another issue in the aftermath of hurricane Katrina was the mismanagement of funds and volunteers. â€Å"The accusations include the improper diversion of relief supplies, failure to follow Red Cross procedures in tracking and distributing supplies, and use of felons as volunteers in the disaster area in violation of Red Cross rules† (Ferrell, Fraedrich, amp; Ferrell, 2011, p. 331). The devastation was overwhelming and the amount of volunteers was more than they have ever seen. Because of this they did not go through their normal screening process. Items and money came up missing andShow MoreRelatedTexas Rangers13480 Words   |  54 Pagesimplications,returned again and again to it as a touchstone in his lectures and as a point of departure---thesubject of analysis by his students.The incidence of the L-shaped overlapping section was to persist but on a much grander scale in his next assignment,the United’Habitation or Marseilles block.Hoesli’s connection with the realization of this epic work could only have reinforced his own developing historical consciousness.Again according to Furer,â€Å"Bernhard Hoesli was attracted to a Le Corbusier-ChoisyRead MoreAr 670-1116218 Words   |  465 PagesArmy Regulation 670–1 Uniforms and Insignia Wear and Appearance of Army Uniforms and Insignia Rapid Action Revision (RAR) Issue Date: 11 May 2012 Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC 3 February 2005 UNCLASSIFIED SUMMARY of CHANGE AR 670–1 Wear and Appearance of Army Uniforms and Insignia This rapid action revision, dated 11 May 2012-o Integrates the Program Executive Office Soldier products list guidance into the Uniform Quality Control Program (paraRead More1000 Word Essay85965 Words   |  344 PagesArmy Emergency Relief ............................ 37 Army Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program ........... 40 EO - Equal Opportunity ................................ 44 AFAP - Army Family Action Plan .......................... 48 ARC - Army Red Cross ................................. 50 Army Reenlistment / Retention Program ...................... 51 Army Safety Program .................................. 53 Army Sponsorship Program .............................. 55 QOLP - Army Quality ofRead MoreAr 670-1117328 Words   |  470 PagesArmy Regulation 670–1 Uniforms and Insignia Wear and Appearance of Army Uniforms and Insignia Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC 3 February 2005 UNCLASSIFIED SUMMARY of CHANGE AR 670–1 Wear and Appearance of Army Uniforms and Insignia This rapid action revision of 3 February 2005-o Updates figures throughout the regulation (throughout). o Clarifies the definition of unauthorized tattoos while wearing the class A uniform (chap 1). Identifies officials responsible forRead MoreEmergency Management Stakeholders15452 Words   |  62 Pagesmanagement. The Salvation Army is widely involved in response and recovery activities and organizations such as the United Way serve to channel local funds to those needing help during the recovery period. The American Red Cross, an affiliate of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, has an official role in this country as the provider of emergency shelter. Environmental organizations such as the Sierra Club (www.sierraclub.org) and the Worldwatch Institute (wwwRead MoreUnited Arab of Emirates Country Notebook18844 Words   |  76 Pageslagoons. A sandy desert with limestone outcroppings lies behind the coastal plain in a triangle between the gravel plain and the mountain of the East and the sands of Saudi Arabia to the South. Far to the South, the oases of Al-Liwa are aligned in an arc along the edge of dunes which rise above 90m (300ft). Furthermore Dubai has been the world ´s catalyst regarding construction and project development until the world economic crises started. The world was able to witness the creation of palm jumeirahRead MoreUnited Arab of Emirates Country Notebook18844 Words   |  76 Pageslagoons. A sandy desert with limestone outcroppings lies behind the coastal plain in a triangle between the gravel plain and the mountain of the East and the sands of Saudi Arabia to the South. Far to the South, the oases of Al-Liwa are aligned in an arc along the edge of dunes which rise above 90m (300ft). Furthermore Dubai has been the world ´s catalyst regarding construction and project development until the world economic crises started. The world was able to witness the creation of palm jumeirahRead MoreEmployee Engagement and CSR: TRANSACTIONAL, RELATIONAL, AND DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACHES12982 Words   |  52 Pagesdisadvantaged; participate in disaster relief; build community playgrounds or habitat-for-humanity housing; and so on—along with more â€Å"skill-based† engagement efforts wherein employees use their technical and commercial know-how to address social concerns.3 On the operational front, more employees today are engaged in sustainable supply chain management, cause-related marketing, and green business initiatives—in effect, doing social responsibility on-the-job. Meanwhile, leading firms have launched globalRead MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words   |  1186 Pages Cross Reference of Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) Concepts to Text Topics Chapter 1 Modern Project Management Chapter 8 Scheduling resources and cost 1.2 Project defined 1.3 Project management defined 1.4 Projects and programs (.2) 2.1 The project life cycle (.2.3) App. G.1 The project manager App. G.7 Political and social environments F.1 Integration of project management processes [3.1] 6.5.2 Setting a schedule baseline [8.1.4] 6.5.3.1 Setting a resource schedule 6.5.2.4 ResourceRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pages978-0-13-612100-8 1. Management—-Study and teaching. 2. Management—Problems, exercises, etc. Kim S. II. Title. HD30.4.W46 2011 658.40071 173—dc22 I. Cameron, 2009040522 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 ISBN 10: 0-13-612100-4 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-612100-8 B R I E F TA B L E O F C O N T E N T S Preface xvii Introduction 1 PART I 1 2 3 PERSONAL SKILLS 44 Developing Self-Awareness 45 Managing Personal Stress 105 Solving Problems Analytically and Creatively 167 PART II 4 5 6 7 INTERPERSONAL SKILLS

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Examine the Argument That “Good Fences Make Good Neighbours.”

In this essay I will attempt to show that social â€Å"fences†, although a necessary part of social life, can lead to conflict and the need for resolution if they are too rigid or too unclear, particularly within larger communities. Modern communities are divided into neighbourhoods, streets and homes. Homes are usually occupied by couples, families or groups of associates, who assume a collective identity as occupants of the dwelling. They will also assume a collective identity along with the occupants of other nearby dwellings as members of a neighbourhood community, and relational identities as each other’s neighbours. Their membership of the former may on occasion clash with their identity as members of the latter, particularly if there†¦show more content†¦Regardless of the method used to resolve or avoid disputes, there is an interesting tendency for the complainants to stress their own â€Å"playing by the rules†, despite having been inconvenienced, as with the extract from the mediation session (Byford, 2009 p264) where the complainants, despite having been subjected to some unpleasant language and obtrusive sexual noise, were anxious to be seen to be good neighbours by not ignorin g the noisy neighbour when they encountered each other and by speaking of her in polite terms, and stressing that they had attempted to cope with the situation by themselves by withdrawing, until it became unbearable. Returning to Goffman’s observations, the complainants were â€Å"behaving in a way will tell others who they are, what they’re doing and what they expect and want to happen†, and expect the other party to play their part in return. The tendency so far has seemed to show that good fences – i.e. separate spaces – do indeed make good neighbours. But Professor Margaret Wetherall makes an interesting point to the contrary when talking about the Catholic/Protestant situation in Northern Ireland. In segregated – i.e., heavily â€Å"fenced†communities, whereas â€Å"segregated neighbourhoods†¦had a much stronger sense of community†, the level of prejudice against theShow MoreRelatedExamine the Argument That â€Å"Good Fences Make Good Neighbours†.1024 Words   |  5 PagesExamine the argument that â€Å"good fences make good neighbours†. When using the term â€Å"Street†, or â€Å"Neighbourhood† in context of where we live, it is usually referencing more than just a geographical location, but rather a collective of all the elements that go into making it what it is, especially the people. A good neighbour is someone who understands the socially constructed rules of behaviour that goes with the title, and this essay will be looking at how boundaries, or â€Å"fences†, that these mostlyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Scout Arrives 1545 Words   |  7 Pages and the Cunningham’s do not accept money as they cannot pay back. Scout doesn t understand the discrimination and prejudice she’s surrounded by. She struggles and examines everything through her own innocence; she expects people to act like she s been taught to act. Atticus explains to Scout you shouldn’t judge someone or make a joke of them or out of them until you put yourself in their situation and if the situation is known than put yourself in that situation and picture yourself having toRead MoreLiterature and South Africa6682 Words   |  27 Pagesrepetition are also used in â€Å"Something there is that doesn’t love a wall† and â€Å"Good fences make good neighbours†. One aspect of intratextual code is its advocation for recognition of visible concrete features of a text. The use of the lyrical voice â€Å"I† and â€Å"neighbour† to draw closer to and alienate the other from the reader strikes one as a code that demands recoding and overcoding. Paradigmatic links in wall, hill, line and fen ces; loaves, balls, boulders and stone; hunters –elves; rabbits and yelpingRead MoreLiterature and South Africa6676 Words   |  27 Pagesrepetition are also used in â€Å"Something there is that doesn’t love a wall† and â€Å"Good fences make good neighbours†. One aspect of intratextual code is its advocation for recognition of visible concrete features of a text. The use of the lyrical voice â€Å"I† and â€Å"neighbour† to draw closer to and alienate the other from the reader strikes one as a code that demands recoding and overcoding. Paradigmatic links in wall, hill, line and fences; loaves, balls, boulders and stone; hunters –elves; rabbits and yelpingRead MoreBusiness Law Assignment2759 Words   |  12 PagesDepartment Store is an operating store. Dylan is a lawful consumer. The relationship between them satisfied the neighbour test for duty of care set out in Donohue v Stevenson (1932) AC 562. The normal rules of negligence applied to the case of property owners and person injured on the property. Therefore, the store owed a duty to take reasonable care to Dylan. Secondly, it is necessary to examine whether the proprietor had exercise the proper standard of care. The proper standard of care is that how aRead MoreThe boy in the stripped pajamas Full TEXT35455 Words   |  142 Pagessmall wonder of a book. A particular historical moment, one that cannot be told too often Guardian The Holocaust as a subject insists on respect, precludes criticism, prefers silence. One thing is clear: this book will not go gently into any good night Observer An extraordinary tale of friendship and the horrors of war. Raw literary talent at its best Irish Independent A book that lingers in the mind for quite some time. A subtle, calculatedly simple and ultimately movingRead MoreEssay on Fall of Asclepius95354 Words   |  382 Pagesstronger due to the outbreak. Some became weaker. Being leader of the survivors? This idea would be absurd to me before the outbreak. I never wanted to be a leader. I just wanted to get by life like any other person. I didnt believe that I would make a good leader. But I was wrong. What was that quote by Umbert...? Umberto Eco! It was, The real hero is always a hero by mistake; he dreams of being an honest coward like everyone else. How true that quote is. This war was tough on everyone, but itRead MoreIgbo Dictionary129408 Words   |  518 Pagesof the character codes. It seems that two different systems of coding diacritics were used and more than two IPA phonetic fonts. Furthermore, for some reason, the typing of the grammar sketch which precedes the manuscript is incomplete. In order to make the manuscript available, I have therefore joined together the fragments of the electronic manuscript and converted all the diacritics to a single system. I hope I have done this consistently, but errors may still remain. Where something was mistypedRead MoreW1 Active Adj14109 Words   |  57 Pageswords have a range of different meanings, a variety of different grammatical patterns, and numerous significant collocations. Nonetheless, a basic understanding of the Longman Communication 3000 is a very powerful tool and will help students develop good comprehension and communication skills in English. ‘This [frequency] information is gold dust for the language learner. LDOCE shows in graphic and immediate form which words are really worth learning and knowing how to use.’ Jeremy Harmer, ELT authorRead MoreBrand Building Blocks96400 Words   |  386 Pagesto develop effective brand strategies, it is useful to understand these pressures and barriers Different factors that make it difficult to build brands are shown in the figure above. The first, pressure to compete on price, directly affects the motivation to build brands. The second reason, the proliferation of competitors, reduces the positioning options available and makes implementation less effective. The third and fourth reasons, the fragmentation in media and markets and the involvement of

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The Lost Colony at Roanoke The first effort made b Essay Example For Students

The Lost Colony at Roanoke The first effort made b Essay The Lost Colony at RoanokeThe first effort made by the English to establish a colony in America, occurred in the late sixteenth century, at Roanoke Island. Starting in 1584 efforts were made to explore the east coast of North America as far south as Spanish claims. It was in 1587 that a permanent colony was finally created. However great this accomplish was for the colonists and England, it proved to be one of the greatest American mysteries when the colony was discovered abandoned in 1590.In this presentation of the lost Roanoke Colony, I plan to describe how the colony was settled, those persons involved in the settlement and the discovery of its abandonment.Roanoke Island is an island just off the coast of present day North Carolina. The Albemarle Sound, Croatan Sound, Roanoke Sound, and the Pamlico Sound are four bodies of water that surround the island. The Atlantic Ocean is less than ten miles away from Roanoke on its eastern coast, but direct contact with the ocean is impeded by a strip of land called Bodie Island, which is part of the Outer Banks. The western coast of the Island is also less than ten miles from the mainland of North Carolina.The history of the settlement can be found in Englands increasing interest in laying claim to a portion of the New World during the late 1570s. This interest was even more apparent, when in the same decade, Queen Elizabeth encouraged exploration and settlement of new lands by issuing charters for this task, and it was during this time period when Roanoke Island was discovered by the English. However it was not until March 25, 1584 when the significant history of Roanoke was made with the re-issuing of the charter to Sir Walter Raleigh.It was the responsibility of Raleigh to make the necessary provisions to complete the journeys to the New World and accomplish the goals of the charter. This meant hiring ship captains and their crews, recruiting possible colonists, purchasing food and other supplies, and finding those who would invest capital in the missions. Raleigh however does not actively participate in the journeys to Roanoke Island; he was just the organizer and major financier.There are a total of four expeditions, under the Raleigh charter, which comprise the story of the lost colony.The first and second expeditions take place from 1584 to 1586. The accomplishments of these missions include producing contact and establishing friendly relations with a native tribe called the Croatoan, the fortification of the island, and searching for an appropriate place for a permanent settlement. It is during the second expedition that there was an attempt to leave a small force of men behind, while the ships returned to England for supplies. They left a few more than one hundred men, which were need to finish fortifying the island, to continue the search for a permanent settlement sight, and to keep an English hold on the island. The effort failed due to the lack of supplies, weather conditions, and t he strained relations with the Croatoans and other more violent native tribes. The situation becomes extremely desperate for the men when they resort to their dogs as a source of food. Luckily for the colonists, a ship came to their rescue and takes all but fifteen men back to England.The mystery of Roanoke begins with the third expedition of 1587. John White was named governor of the colonist, which would now include women children. The permanence of this mission was believed to be insured by the involvement of entire families. To further insure success, the colonist themselves were the investors.The third expedition of almost one hundred twenty people (men, women and children) ready for colonization, arrived on the island in the spring of 1587. Their intent was to locate the fifteen men who were left behind in the second expedition, and then find an new settlement sight. It was discovered that the fortifications built by the colonists the year before had been abandoned and there w ere no clues as to the fate of the fifteen men.The next step was to find a new sight for settlement. It had been decided in England by Raleigh and John White, that the new settlement should be located in the Chesapeake Bay area to the north on the mainland. The colonist were denied the agreement that Raleigh and White had suggested. This was due to the strained relations between White and the ship captain. Therefore the colonists were forced to settle in the area of the abandoned fortifications for the time being.While the colonists were assembling their homes, contact with the Croatoans was reestablished. In their communications the fate of the fifteen men left behind in the previous expedition was revealed. The Croatoans explain how an enemy tribe attacked the fort and killed some of the men, but how many was not known.John White, upset with the news of the dead men and the recent discovery of a dead colonist, decides to launch an attack against the enemy, the Powhatans. Instead o f attacking the enemy John Whites men attack their friends, the Croatoans.With this violation of trust, the relations between the Croatoans and the colonists had deteriorated. Thus the Croatoans refuse to supply the colonists with food, and the supplies brought with them had begun to spoil. With the shortage of supplies and winter soon approaching, it was decided by the colonists that someone must return to England with the ships in order to relieve them of their supply shortage. John White was sent for the supplies in the late summer of 1587. He leaves approximately one hundred sixteen men, women, and children on Roanoke Island.John White does not return with the requested supplies until 1590. This three year delay was caused by a war between England and Spain. When he arrives he finds the colony abandoned. There is only a small clue as to where the colonist could be. This clue was the word Croatoan, carved into a tree. This word indicated to White that the colonists moved near or with the Croatoans, but White cannot determine whether his assumption was correct. Before White could make any more progress the captain and his crew, having no interest in the colonists fate wanted to return to England. This fourth expedition then returns to England not knowing the fate of the Roanoke Colonists.In late 1590 White tries to convince investors and Sir Walter Raleigh to send yet another expedition. Due to the lack of interest in Roanoke by investors and Raleigh , White was unsuccessful in his attempt. It is not until the Jamestown settlement twenty years later, that a firm effort was made to find the true fate of the 1587 colonists of Roanoke Island.Due to the fact that an investigation was not launched until twenty years later, no one knows what became of the colonists. Therefore there are several theories that attempt to explain their disappearance.John Smith was the first to gather information about the outcomes of the Roanoke settlement. He questioned the local nat ives about Roanoke. From this line of questioning he came up with three similar stories. One story was the attack of the settlement and the massacre of all the colonists. In another story the settlement was attacked and the women and children were assimilated only. The final story was that the entire colony was peacefully assimilated into the local native tribes.No new information or theories are concluded until many years later. These theories include the possibilities of an attack by the Spanish, disease, starvation, and an attempt to return to England in a small ship and then being lost at sea. Only spurts of interest in the fate of the colonists occurred throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. There was also major destruction of the fort on Roanoke Island during the American Civil War, so most of the artifacts that could shed light upon the mystery had been destroyed.I feel that the efforts made by those involve with establishing the Roanoke Colony were a learning ex perience for both investors and those who became colonists. We can see that England was involved in many activities during the attempts to establish permanent colony in Roanoke. These activities being a war with Spain, and acquiring treasures and natural resources to enrich England. Granted this was a new and unfamiliar part of the world for the colonists, I feel proper efforts were not made to ensure a permanent colony. For example, instead of raising their own crops and using hunting skills, they relied on the food supplies that were brought with the ships and then relied on the kindness of the natives to supply their food needs.The Roanoke colonists made matters worse when John White decided to teach the enemy native tribe a lesson by attacking them in retaliation of killing one of the colonists and the men left behind in the second expedition. Instead of attacking their enemy they attacked their friends the Croatoans by accident. This was the second time an incident of this natu re had happened. It had occurred in the second expedition with Ralph Lane (Governor of the colony left by the second expedition). Also I believe that mistakes of this nature reveal the possible fate of the lost colony, by assuming that relations between the colonist and the Croatoans had deteriorated. However, I do not believe that this tribe killed the members of Roanoke, I think that they refused to supply them with food supplies. From here I believe that the colonists had ventured into the interior of present day North Carolina, in search of food and a more suitable settlement. But in their venturing I believe the men were attacked by unfamiliar tribes. The women and children would have been spared and assimilated into their culture because it was the custom of the natives of this area.It was not until 1959 that a theory was openly agreed upon by a group of historian and scholars. They theorized that the colony did go to the Croatan village and may have been assimilated into the tribe. It was possible that they later moved to one of two areas; the Chesapeake Bay area or the Chowan River area. They also agreed that there was the possibility that the group disbanded. If the colonists did not go to the Croatan village, it was surmised that they were attacked by the Powhatan and the women and children were taken captive.However, the panel did not agree on one solid theory because they lack any physical evidence. These few possibilities may be as close as anyone will get to an answer.BibliographyArticle Kupperman, Karen Ordahl. Roanoke: Lost and Found. Reviews In American History 14 (March 1986): 55-60.Books Lefler, Hugh T., and William S. Powell. Colonial North Carolina, A History. New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1973.Lefler, Hugh Talmage, and Albert Ray Newsome. The History of a Southern State, North Carolina. 3rd ed. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1973.Quinn, David B. North America From Earliest Discovery To First Settlements. New York : Harper Row, Publishers, 1975.Quinn, David B., ed. The Roanoke Voyages, 1584-1590. 2 vols. London: Cambridge University Press, 1955.Quinn, David B. Set Fair for Roanoke: Voyages and Colonies, 1584-1606. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.Schoenbaum, Thomas J. Islands, Capes, and Sounds; The North Carolina Coast. Winston-Salem: John F. Blair, 1982.Stick, David. The Outer Banks of North Carolina, 1584-1958. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press,1958. Stick, David. Roanoke Island, The Beginnings of English America. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1983. .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df , .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df .postImageUrl , .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df , .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df:hover , .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df:visited , .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df:active { border:0!important; } .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df:active , .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u24761b07171ce90a008937fd201807df:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Knife in the water Essay

Friday, April 10, 2020

Jonathan Kozol, Savage Inequalities Essays - Education Reform

Jonathan Kozol, Savage Inequalities The new millennium brings many advances in our children's learning. The introduction of technology and breakthrough teaching methods display a positive outlook for the educational system our children count on. Yet, this optimistic view is believed by many to be looked at through rose-colored glasses. Jonathan Kozol's Savage Inequalities: Children in America's Schools looks at the ways the government, the society, and the educational system fail poor children, especially poor African-American children, in the United States. Kozol's work, which examines six cities where he finds common problems, illustrates the key shortcomings that work against the education of the less fortunate. Kozol's major argument focuses on the notion that the United States government does not provide enough funding for the schooling of poor children; yet is generous with spending in districts where wealthier families reside. Therefore, the primary problem lies not with the children's capabilities, but within the structure of the system, which has let them down. This spending pattern is a fundamental part of public policy at all levels of government. Additionally, this financial inequality limits the rights of low-income children to obtain a solid education and limits their opportunities to become successful adults. Three major points need to be illustrated in the analysis of Kozol's work. First, it is important to express societies view of ?low income equals low performance', which translates into less obligation of the government to put forth a true effort to support education. Second, this analysis will show the low-income cities are not capable of surviving in the community with the support of the funds needed for a good education. This is further revealed through the political area that further perpetuates the problem. Third, this analysis will expose the separation of children in schools by income compounds the issue of segregation by forcing minority children to be surrounded by other low-income minority children, which creates a resentful, negative cycle. The nation is caught in a brutal cycle of educational, racial and socioeconomic inequity. Kozol argues that the only solution to this problem is the increased role of the government in the financial support of the less fortunate children and the under funded schools they attend. The prosperous families will not voluntarily help the poor, who cannot assist themselves in this case. This solution will be a difficult one to achieve, since the trend in the country is to cut back on government spending in all areas. Another trend is to have private resources fill in the gaps left by government cutbacks. However, as Kozol points out, Cutting back the role of government and then suggesting that the poor can turn to businessmen who lobbied for such cuts is cynical indeed (Kozol 82). Kozol's outlook is gripping because it takes aim at both the mind and the heart of the reader. He appeals to intellect by using statistics, which show that the nation has a segregated, and imbalanced school system, in which the rich receive better educations and the poor, especially minorities, receive less of an education. For example, he compares poor and wealthy school districts in San Antonio. The poor district spends $2800 yearly on each child's education, and 72 percent of children [in that district] read below grade level. In the wealthy district, $4600 is spent yearly on each child. In that district, virtually all students graduate and 88 percent of graduates go on to college (Kozol 224). He appeals to the heart by showing how this unjust school system is also an ethical and spiritual failure that will eat away at the soul of the nation. He also appeals to the heart of the reader by, as has been previously expressed, letting the children speak for themselves for the reason that the children are the victims of this system. One 14-year-old girl says, We have a school in East St. Louis named for Dr. King. The school is full of sewer water and the doors are locked with chains. Every student in that school is black. It's like terrible joke on history. (Kozol 35). Kozol is most effective because he shows his own fear and despair: East St. Louis will likely be left just as it is for a good many years to come: a scar

Monday, March 9, 2020

Introduction to American Government Essays - Political Systems

Introduction to American Government Essays - Political Systems Introduction to American Government PSCI 130 Professor Marc Meredith Fall 2015 Writing Assignment 9/30/2015 ATTACH THIS SHEET ON TOP OF YOUR PAPER Write your name here:_____Alexandra Tolhurst-Swim__________________ Circle your TAs name here: Barnard Kim Posey Wuest Enter your word count here (max 1500):_____1498_________________ HARD COPY DUE OCTOBER 12 AT 12PM IN STITELER 216 Read the attached article by Kristen A. Graham that was published in the Philadelphia Inquirer on September 21, 2015. Your assignment in this paper is to react to the following statement: The situation in the Philadelphia public schools described in this article is a direct implication of the Founding Fathers failure to define education as a fundamental right in the Constitution. More specifically, answer the question: would redefining education as a fundamental right solve the discrepancies highlighted in the article? Make sure your paper has a clear thesis statement backed up with evidence from the class readings and any other additional readings you choose to cite. (more on this below). Your answer should touch on a number of features about the Constitution, separation of powers, federalism, and civil rights and civil liberties. Specifically, it should discuss: 1) whether you agree that education is a fundamental right and should be protected by the Equal Protection Clause; 2) how would the Supreme Court evaluate education funding cases differently if education was considered a fundamental right; 3) whether it is surprising that there are large discrepancies in education spending over different school districts; 4) would the court defining education as a fundamental right be sufficient to implement change Alexandra Tolhurst-Swim PSCI 130/ Prof. Meredith Education as a Fundamental Right If we were to sit down with one of the Founding Fathers today and make an argument that education should have been included in the Constitution as a fundamental right of citizens, would we change his mind so that he would argue for it at the Constitutional Convention? Civil liberties, or fundamental rights, were thought by the Founding Fathers to be those natural rights that were essential to human progress (Wilson, Dilulio, and Bose 20). By constitutionally guaranteeing citizens the right to education, there would be a strong culture of education portrayed nationally, and more importantly, legal protection of a standard for that right. When the Founding Fathers set out to write the Constitution, the colonies already portrayed a strong culture of education; that is, education has always been a core value in our society (Meredith, Class One: The Study of American Politics). Bearing all of this in mind, why wasnt education included as a fundamental right from the beginning? An educatio n is what most people consider the essential factor to their progress; when a citizen is denied the opportunity to progress their potential through as equal an educational opportunity as his or her peers, they are inevitably inhibited comparatively because of the association in American society between a persons potential and their income. So when the Founding Fathers set their definition of liberties as those natural rights that are essential to human progress, education shouldve been the first of those rights to be included as it is undeniably true that one cannot progress in any career without an education. While it is true that defining education as a fundamental right would solve funding discrepancies between school districts, it is important to understand why these discrepancies happen and what it would take to change these discrepancies in our modern society. This involves an understanding of some key features of our government and the consequences of the features, such as federalism, state-national government interaction, civil rights and the history of education as a civil rights claim, and the Supreme Courts role in enacting such detrimental changes. First, one needs to understand that the Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution at a time when the political realities of the moment were much different and they were namely highlighting issues had with Britain. This caused them to create a government that could do only what the Constitution said it could, and they didnt see it necessary (or possible) to write all that their new government could not do, which is one reason the Constitution has such vague and elastic language (which is important in that the Supreme Courts job is to

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Current Event Article 2 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Current Event Article 2 - Essay Example The case study method was used for the research study because the data generated can be interpreted in a number of ways. The British company Phipps Brothers was used because of the fact that it was founded by three brothers. As the company expanded, it faced many obstacles to growth in other markets. The business came up with three strategies to help combat these challenges: cost reduction, professionalism, and focus on specific markets. Phipps Brothers enacted these changes and the firm was able to expand to other European countries. Analysis: This article highlights the challenges that small and medium-sized firms have when entering into international business. If there is not a strong supply chain, then it can be difficult to establish a presence in a foreign market. Just as in the case used in this article, sometimes a company’s strategies need to change because something comes up that it did not foresee. What works well in the home market may not always prove successful overseas. Family-run businesses have the additional problem of personally knowing the other partners in the business. One hallmark about family-run businesses is that they are usually founded on a certain principle or belief, and this may need to be adapted when expanding